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Building For Eternity

Building For Eternity
Author: C.J. Brandon
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1782974210
Size: 42.60 MB
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One marker of the majesty of ancient Rome is its surviving architectural legacy, the stunning remains of which are scattered throughout the circum-Mediterranean landscape. Surprisingly, one truly remarkable aspect of this heritage remains relatively unknown. There exists beneath the waters of the Mediterranean the physical remnants of a vast maritime infrastructure that sustained and connected the western worldÕs first global empire and economy. The key to this incredible accomplishment and to the survival of structures in the hostile environment of the sea for two thousand years was maritime concrete, a building material invented and then employed by Roman builders on a grand scale to construct harbor installations anywhere they were needed, rather than only in locations with advantageous geography or topography. This book explains how the Romans built so successfully in the sea with their new invention. The story is a stimulating mix of archaeological, geological, historical and chemical research, with relevance to both ancient and modern technology. It also breaks new ground in bridging the gap between science and the humanities by integrating analytical materials science, history, and archaeology, along with underwater exploration. The book will be of interest to anyone interested in Roman architecture and engineering, and it will hold special interest for geologists and mineralogists studying the material characteristics of pyroclastic volcanic rocks and their alteration in seawater brines. The demonstrable durability and longevity of Roman maritime concrete structures may be of special interest to engineers working on cementing materials appropriate for the long-term storage of hazardous substances such as radioactive waste. A pioneering methodology was used to bore into maritime structures both on land and in the sea to collect concrete cores for testing in the research laboratories of the CTG Italcementi Group, a leading cement producer in Italy, the University of Berkeley, and elsewhere. The resulting mechanical, chemical and physical analysis of 36 concrete samples taken from 11 sites in Italy and the eastern Mediterranean have helped fill many gaps in our knowledge of how the Romans built in the sea. To gain even more knowledge of the ancient maritime technology, the directors of the Roman Maritime Concrete Study (ROMACONS) engaged in an ambitious and unique experimental archaeological project Ð the construction underwater of a reproduction of a Roman concrete pier or pila. The same raw materials and tools available to the ancient builders were employed to produce a reproduction concrete structure that appears to be remarkably similar to the ancient one studied during ROMACONÕs fieldwork between 2002-2009. This volume reveals a remarkable and unique archaeological project that highlights the synergy that now exists between the humanities and science in our continuing efforts to understand the past. It will quickly become a standard research tool for all interested in Roman building both in the sea and on land, and in the history and chemistry of marine concrete. The authors also hope that the data and observations it presents will stimulate further research by scholars and students into related topics, since we have so much more to learn in the years ahead.
Building for Eternity
Language: un
Pages: 368
Authors: C.J. Brandon, R.L. Hohlfelder, M.D. Jackson, J.P. Oleson
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-08-29 - Publisher: Oxbow Books
One marker of the majesty of ancient Rome is its surviving architectural legacy, the stunning remains of which are scattered throughout the circum-Mediterranean landscape. Surprisingly, one truly remarkable aspect of this heritage remains relatively unknown. There exists beneath the waters of the Mediterranean the physical remnants of a vast maritime
Building for Eternity
Language: un
Pages: 43
Authors: Durriya Tyabji
Categories: Architecture, Fatimid
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015 - Publisher:
Books about Building for Eternity
Building for Eternity
Language: en
Pages: 368
Authors: C.J. Brandon, R.L. Hohlfelder, M.D. Jackson, J.P. Oleson
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-08-29 - Publisher: Oxbow Books
One marker of the majesty of ancient Rome is its surviving architectural legacy, the stunning remains of which are scattered throughout the circum-Mediterranean landscape. Surprisingly, one truly remarkable aspect of this heritage remains relatively unknown. There exists beneath the waters of the Mediterranean the physical remnants of a vast maritime
Building for Eternity
Language: un
Pages: 10
Authors: Ralph Sumner
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 19?? - Publisher:
Books about Building for Eternity
Building for Eternity
Language: en
Pages: 64
Authors: Larry Kreider
Categories: Religion
Type: BOOK - Published: 1997-06 - Publisher: Biblical Foundation
In this fourth Biblical Foundation book we look at the final three of the six foundational doctrines of the Christian faith found in Hebrews 6:1-2-the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead and eternal judgment: Therefore, leaving the discussion of the elementary principles of Christ, let us go
Building for Eternity
Language: un
Pages: 15
Authors: Sharon Dobbins Alberson, EMERGE Ministries
Categories: Christian life
Type: BOOK - Published: 1992 - Publisher:
Books about Building for Eternity
Building for Eternity
Language: un
Pages: 368
Authors: J. P. Oleson, Jackson, R. L. Hohlfelder, C. J. Brandon
Categories: Christian life
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-03-15 - Publisher:
One marker of the majesty of ancient Rome is its surviving architectural legacy, the stunning remains of which are scattered throughout the circum-Mediterranean landscape. Surprisingly, one truly remarkable aspect of this heritage remains relatively unknown.
Building for Eternity
Language: un
Pages: 6
Authors: Richard Hibbs
Categories: Christian life
Type: BOOK - Published: - Publisher:
Books about Building for Eternity
Building for Eternity
Language: un
Pages: 63
Authors: Larry Kreider
Categories: Devotional calendars
Type: BOOK - Published: 1993 - Publisher:
Books about Building for Eternity
Building for Eternity
Language: un
Pages: 216
Authors: Etta Grace Martin
Categories: Allegheny County (Md.)
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004 - Publisher:
Books about Building for Eternity